TED | 你见过最好的幼儿园
The best kindergarten you’ve ever seen
Takaharu Tezuka 手冢贵晴
This is a kindergarten we designed in 2007. We made this kindergarten to be a circle. It's a kind of endless circulation on top of the roof. If you are a parent, you know that kids love to keep making circles. This is how the rooftop looks.
And why did we design this? The principal of this kindergarten said, "No, I don't want a handrail." I said, "It's impossible." But he insisted: "How about having a net sticking out from the edge of the roof? So that it can catch the children falling off?" (Laughter) I said, "It's impossible."
为什么我们要把它设计成这样呢？这家幼儿园的园长说： "不，我不想要护栏。” 我说：“那不可能。” 但他坚持说：“那要不......就在屋顶边做一圈向外延伸的防护网？这样它就能接住跌落的小孩儿？“ （笑声） 我说：“那不可能。”
And of course, the government official said, "Of course you have to have a handrail." But we could keep that idea around the trees. There are three trees popping through. And we were allowed to call this rope as a handrail. But of course, rope has nothing to do with them. They fall into the net. And you get more, and more, more. (Laughter) Sometimes 40 children are around a tree. The boy on the branch, he loves the tree so he is eating the tree.
然后，当然，政府的官员告诉我： “当然，你必须得有护栏。” 但我们还是可以把那个防护网的想法在树上实现。那儿有三棵从屋顶穿出的树，我们被允许用绳索当作护栏。但是，当然， 绳索对小孩儿来说根本没用。他们会故意掉进去，然后更多人掉进去，还有更多，更多……（笑声） 有时会有40个小孩儿同时围着树一起玩儿，那个爬在树枝上的男孩儿，他很爱这棵树，一直在不停的啃树皮。
And at the time of an event, they sit on the edge. It looks so nice from underneath. Monkeys in the zoo. (Laughter) Feeding time.
当幼儿园里搞活动的时候，他们就坐在围栏的边缘（观看）。这画面从下面看起来很美，简直就是动物园里的猴子。 （笑声） 喂食时间到～
And we made the roof as low as possible, because we wanted to see children on top of the roof, not only underneath the roof. And if the roof is too high, you see only the ceiling.
And the leg washing place -- there are many kinds of water taps. You see with the flexible tubes, you want to spray water to your friends, and the shower, and the one in front is quite normal. But if you look at this, the boy is not washing his boots, he's putting water into his boots.
还有洗脚的地方——那儿有很多种水龙头。你可以看到，有弹性的软管… 让人忍不住想用它往朋友身上喷水玩，还有淋浴的喷头… 还有前面的这种…是很普通的水龙头。但是如果你仔细看，这小男孩其实并没在洗他的靴子，他是在往靴子里灌水……
This kindergarten is completely open, most of the year. And there is no boundary between inside and outside. So it means basically this architecture is a roof. And also there is no boundary between classrooms. So there is no acoustic barrier at all. When you put many children in a quiet box, some of them get really nervous. But in this kindergarten, there is no reason they get nervous. Because there is no boundary.
And the principal says if the boy in the corner doesn't want to stay in the room, we let him go. He will come back eventually, because it's a circle, it comes back.
But the point is, in that kind of occasion, usually children try to hide somewhere. But here, just they leave and come back. It's a natural process.
And secondly, we consider noise very important. You know that children sleep better in noise. They don't sleep in a quiet space. And in this kindergarten, these children show amazing concentration in class. And you know, our kind grew up in the jungle with noise. They need noise. And you know, you can talk to your friends in a noisy bar. You are not supposed to be in silence.
And you know, these days we are trying to make everything under control. You know, it's completely open. And you should know that we can go skiing in -20 degrees in winter. In summer you go swimming. The sand is 50 degrees. And also, you should know that you are waterproof. You never melt in rain. So, children are supposed to be outside. So that is how we should treat them.
This is how they divide classrooms. They are supposed to help teachers. They don't. (Laughter) I didn't put him in. A classroom. And a washbasin. They talk to each other around the well. And there are always some trees in the classroom. A monkey trying to fish another monkey from above. (Laughter) Monkeys. (Laughter) And each classroom has at least one skylight. And this is where Santa Claus comes down at the time of Christmas.
这是他们分隔教室的方式，他们本来应该帮助老师的。但…他们没有… （笑声）不是我把他放进去的……这就是教室了，还有洗手池。他们在水池边聊天。而且教室里总是有一些树的…… 一只猴子想要把另一只猴子钓上去。 （笑声） 看，猴子们。（笑声） 每个教室都至少有一个天窗。这样在圣诞节的时候，圣诞老人才有地方爬下来。
This is the annex building, right next to that oval-shaped kindergarten. The building is only five meters tall with seven floors. And of course, the ceiling height is very low. So you have to consider safety. So, we put our children, a daughter and a son. They tried to go in. He hit his head. He's okay. His skull is quite strong. He is resilient. It's my son. (Laughter) And he is trying to see if it is safe to jump off. And then we put other children.
The traffic jam is awful in Tokyo, as you know. (Laughter) The driver in front, she needs to learn how to drive. Now these days, kids need a small dosage of danger. And in this kind of occasion, they learn to help each other. This is society. This is the kind of opportunity we are losing these days.
东京的堵车太糟糕了，你懂的。 （笑声）前面那个司机，她还得好好学学开车。在这个年代，孩子们需要接触一些轻微的危险。因为在这种状况下，他们就会学会互相帮助。这就是社会，这些（教育）机会 正是我们如今逐渐丧失的。
Now, this drawing is showing the movement of a boy between 9:10 and 9:30. And the circumference of this building is 183 meters. So it's not exactly small at all. And this boy did 6,000 meters in the morning. But the surprise is yet to come. The children in this kindergarten do 4,000 meters on average. And these children have the highest athletic abilities among many kindergartens. The principal says, "I don't train them. We leave them on top of the roof. Just like sheep." (Laughter) They keep running.
现在看这幅图，它展现了一个男孩 在9:10到9:30之间的运动轨迹。这栋建筑的周长是183米。 真的已经不能算小了！所以这个男孩，一早上就运动了6000米。最令人惊讶的还不止这个。这家幼儿园里的孩子们平均运动距离是4000米。与大多数幼儿园相比， 这里的孩子有着最高的运动能力。园长说了： “我们不需要督促他们进行户外锻炼，把他们放到屋顶上就行，就像放羊一样。“ （笑声） 他们就会不停地跑啊跑。
My point is don't control them, don't protect them too much, and they need to tumble sometimes. They need to get some injury. And that makes them learn how to live in this world. I think architecture is capable of changing this world, and people's lives. And this is one of the attempts to change the lives of children.
Thank you very much.(Applause)