TED演讲推荐 | 为什么你干不成一番大事业
I want to discuss with you this afternoon why you're going to fail to have a great career.
I'm an economist. I do dismal. End of the day, it's ready for dismal remarks. I only want to talk to those of you who want a great career. I know some of you have already decided you want a good career. You're going to fail, too — (Laughter) — because — Goodness, you're all cheery about failing. (Laughter) Canadian group, undoubtedly.
Those trying to have good careers are going to fail, because, really, good jobs are now disappearing. There are great jobs and great careers, and then there are the high-workload, high-stress, bloodsucking, soul-destroying kinds of jobs, and practically nothing in between.
So the people looking for good jobs are going to fail. I'm going to talk about those looking for great jobs, great careers, and why you're going to, why you're going to fail. First reason is that no matter how many times people tell you, "If you want a great career, you have to pursue your passion, you have to pursue your dreams, you have to pursue, the greatest fascination in your life,"
you hear it again and again and then you decide not to do it. It doesn't matter how many times you download Steven J.'s Stanford commencement address, you still look at it and decide not to do it.
你听过这句话一遍又一遍，然后你决定 不去这样做。不管你下载多少次 Steven J在斯坦福大学的开学演讲，你还是看看然后决定不去做。
I'm not quite sure why you decide not to do it. You're too lazy to do it. It's too hard. You're afraid if you look for your passion and don't find it, you'll feel like you're an idiot, so then you make excuses about why you're not going to look for your passion.
And they are excuses, ladies and gentlemen. We're going to go through a whole long list, your creativity, and thinking of excuses not to do what you really need to do if you want to have a great career.
So, for example, one of your great excuses is, "Well, great careers are really and truly, for most people, just a matter of luck, so I'm going to stand around, I'm going to try to be lucky, and if I'm lucky, I'll have a great career. If not, I'll have a good career." But a good career is an impossibility, so that's not going to work.
所以，举例来说，你众多借口之一是，“嗯，伟业实际上对于大多数人来说只是运气问题，所以我就在这待着，我就试试做那个幸运的人，然后如果我真幸运的话， 我就能成就伟业。如果不能，我就找个还不错的事业。” 但是没有还不错的事业，所以这个行不通。
Then, your other excuse is, "Yes, there are special people who pursue their passions, but they are geniuses. They are Steven J. I'm not a genius. When I was five, I thought I was a genius, but my professors have beaten that idea out of my head long since." Mm? "And now I know I am completely competent."
然后，你还有其他借口：“是的，有那些与众不同的人 追寻自己的梦想，但是他们是天才。 他们是Steven J. 我不是天才。 我五岁的时候以为自己是天才，但是我的教授们早就把这个念头打消了。“嗯？ ”然后现在我知道自己完全有能力。“
Now, you see, if this was , being completely competent, that would have given you a great career. But guess what? This is almost , and saying to the world, "I am totally, completely competent," is damning yourself with the faintest of praise.
现在你看，如果这是在年，完全有能力，就能让你成就伟业。但是你知道么？现在几乎是年了， 对世界说”我完全，绝对，有能力，“ 就是用最无力的称赞谴责你自己。
And then, of course, another excuse: "Well, I would do this, I would do this, but, but, well, after all, I'm not weird. Everybody knows that people who pursue their passions are somewhat obsessive. A little strange? Mm? Mm? Okay? You know, a fine line between madness and genius.
然后，当然，另外一个借口： ”嗯，我会做这个，我会做这个，但是，但是， 嗯，毕竟，我不是个怪人。每个人都知道那些追寻自己梦想的人 都多少有点强迫症。有点奇怪？嗯？嗯？好吧？ 你知道的，疯子和天才一线之隔。
I'm not weird. I've read Steven J.'s biography. Oh my goodness. I am not that person. I am nice. I am normal. I'm a nice, normal person, and nice, normal people don't have passion. Ah. But I still want a great career. I'm not prepared to pursue my passion, so I know what I'm going to do, because I have, I have a solution, I have a strategy. It's the one Mommy and Daddy told me about. Mommy and Daddy told me that if I worked hard, I'd have a good career.
我不是个怪人。我读过Steven J的传记。 我的天呐。我不是那种人。我是好人。 我是正常人。我是正常的好人， 而且正常的好人没有梦想。啊。但是我还是想要成就伟业。我还没准备好去追寻梦想，所以我知道我要做什么，因为我有办法， 我有策略。就是爸爸妈妈告诉过我的那个。爸爸妈妈告诉我说如果我努力工作，我会有个不错的事业。
So, if you work hard and have a good career, if you work really, really, really hard, you'll have a great career. Doesn't that, like, mathematically make sense?" Hmm. Not. (Laughter) But you've managed to talk yourself into that.
所以，如果你努力工作， 而且有个不错的事业，如果你工作特别特别特别努力，你就能成就伟业。这在数学上不是也成立么？“ 嗯...不是的。（笑声） 但是你还是让自己信了这话。
You know what? Here's a little secret. You want to work? You want to work really, really, really hard? You know what? You'll succeed. The world will give you the opportunity to work really, really, really, really hard, but are you so sure that that's going to give you a great career when all the evidence is to the contrary?
你知道么？这有一个小秘密。你想工作？你想工作特别特别特别努力？你知道么？你会成功的。这个世界会给你机会去工作得特别特别特别努力， 但是你就那么确信这能让你成就伟业 即使所有的证据都指向另一边？
So let's assume, let's deal with those of you who are trying to find your passion. You actually understand that you really had better do it, never mind the excuses. You're trying to find your passion, and you're so happy. You found something you're interested in.
I have an interest! I have an interest! You tell me. You say, "I have an interest!" I say, "That's wonderful! And what, what are you trying to tell me? That you — " "Well, I have an interest." I say, "Do you have passion?" "I have an interest," you say. Your interest is compared to what? "Well, I'm interested in this." And what about the rest of humanity's activities? "I'm not interested in them." You've looked at them all, have you? "No. Not exactly."
我有个兴趣！我有个兴趣！你告诉我。你说，“我有个兴趣！“我说，”太好了！“ 你想告诉我什么呢？ ”嗯，我有个兴趣。“ 我说，“你有热忱么？”“我有兴趣，”你说。 你的兴趣和什么比较？“嗯，我对这个感兴趣。”那其他一切的人类活动呢？“我对那些没兴趣。”你把那些都看过一遍了？“没有。不完全是。”
Passion is your greatest love. Passion is the thing that will help you create the highest expression of your talent. Passion, interest -- it's not the same thing. Are you really going to go to your sweetie and say, "Marry me! You're interesting." (Laughter) Won't happen. Won't happen, and you will die alone. (Laughter)
热忱是你最高程度的热爱。热忱是能帮助你最好地成就自己才华的事情。热忱，兴趣－不是一回事。你真的会去找你的甜心然后说， “嫁给我吧！你很有意思。“（笑声） 不会发生的。不会发生，然后你会孤独终老。（笑声）
What you want, what you want, what you want, is passion. It is beyond interest. You need interests, and then one of them, one of them might grab you, one of them might engage you more than anything else, and then you may have found your greatest love in comparison to all the other things that interest you, and that's what passion is.
I have a friend, proposed to his sweetie. He was an economically rational person. He said to his sweetie, "Let us marry. Let us merge our interests."
Yes he did. "I love you truly," he said. "I love you deeply. I love you more than any other woman I've ever encountered. I love you more than Mary, Jane, Susie, Penelope, Ingrid, Gertrude, Gretel -- I was on a German exchange program then." (Laughter) "I love you more than — "
是的，他这么说的。“我真心爱你，”他说，“我深深爱着你。我爱你胜过其他任何女人。我爱你胜过Mary, Jane, Susie, Penelope, Ingrid, Gertrude, Gretel- 我那时候在一个德国的交换项目里。“（笑声）“我爱你胜过－”
All right! She left the room halfway through his enumeration of his love for her. After he got over his surprise at being, you know, turned down, he concluded he'd had a narrow escape from marrying an irrational person, although he did make a note to himself that the next time he proposed, it was perhaps not necessary to enumerate all of the women he had auditioned for the part. (Laughter)
But the point stands. You must look for alternatives so that you find your destiny, or are you afraid of the word "destiny"? Does the word "destiny" scare you? That's what we're talking about, and if you don't find the highest expression of your talent, if you settle for "interesting," what the hell ever that means, do you know what will happen at the end of your long life?
但是这个论点是成立的。你必须寻找各种选择才能找到命中注定的那个，或者你害怕”命中注定“这个词么？ ”命中注定“这个词吓着你么？ 这就是我们要谈的，而且如果你找不到你才能的最高表达，如果你在 ”有意思“这里止步不前，不管这他妈的是什么意思， 你知道在你漫长的一生即将结束的时候会发生什么吗？
Your friends and family will be gathered in the cemetery, and there, beside your gravesite will be a tombstone, and inscribed on that tombstone, it will say, "Here lies a distinguished engineer who invented Velcro." But what that tombstone should have said, in an alternative lifetime, what it should have said if it was your highest expression of talent, was, "Here lies the last Nobel Laureate in Physics, who formulated the Grand Unified Field Theory and demonstrated the practicality of warp drive."
你的亲友们聚集在墓地里，在这，你的坟边上有个墓碑，这个墓碑上刻着字，说， ”此地长眠着一位发明了Velcro的杰出工程师“ 但是这个墓碑上也应该刻着，在一个平行时空里，如果这是你才能的最高表达它就应该刻着， ”此地长眠着一位诺贝尔物理学奖得主，他规范了”大统一场论“ 并且示范了曲速引擎的实用性。”
One was a great career. One was a missed opportunity. But then, there are some of you, in spite of all these excuses, you will find, you will find your passion, and you'll still fail.
You're going to fail, because, because you're not going to do it, because you will have invented a new excuse, any excuse to fail to take action, and this excuse I've heard so many times. "Yes, I would pursue a great career, but I value human relationships more than accomplishment. I want to be a great friend. I want to be a great spouse. I want to be a great parent, and I will not sacrifice them on the altar of great accomplishment."
What do you want me to say? Now, do you really want me to say now, tell you, "Really, I swear I don't kick children." Hmm? Look at the worldview you've given yourself. You're a hero no matter what, and I, by suggesting, ever so delicately, that you might want a great career, must hate children. I don't hate children. I don't kick them. Yes, there was a little kid wandering through this building when I came here, and no, I didn't kick him.
你们想让我说什么？现在，你们真的想让我说，告诉你们，“真的，我发誓我不踢小孩。” 嗯？看看你给自己定的世界观。 无论如何你都是个英雄，然而我，通过暗示这么小心翼翼地，说你可能想要成就伟业，一定痛恨小孩。我不恨小孩。我不踢他们。 是的，刚才我来的时候有个小孩走过来， 我没踢他。
Course, I had to tell him that the building was for adults only and to get out. He mumbled something about his mother, and I told him she'd probably find him outside anyway. Last time I saw him, he was on the stairs crying. (Laughter) What a wimp.
当然，我不得不告诉他这个楼是给大人的，他得出去。他含糊地说他妈妈什么的，然后我跟他说他妈估计在外面找他呢。 我上次看到他的时候他正在台阶上哭呢。（笑声） 真是个懦夫。
But what do you mean? That's what you expect me to say. You really think, you really think it's appropriate that you should actually take children and use them as a shield? You know what will happen someday, you, you ideal parent, you? The kid will come to you someday and say, "I know what I want to be. I know what I'm going to do with my life." You are so happy.
但是你是什么意思？这就是你们期待我说的。你真的认为，你真的认为 拿小孩当挡箭牌合适吗？你知道有一天会发生什么，你，完美的父母，对吗？你的孩子有一天会跟你说， “我知道我想做什么。我知道我想怎么度过一生。”你特别高兴。
It's the conversation a parent wants to hear, because your kid's good in math, and you know you're going to like what comes next. Says your kid, "I have decided I want to be a magician. I want to perform magic tricks on the stage."
这种对话父母最爱听了，因为你的孩子数学好， 而且你知道你会爱听你孩子接下来的话。你孩子说，“我决定了我想做个魔术师。 我想在舞台上表演魔术。” （笑声）
And what do you say? You say, you say, "Umm ... that's risky, kid. Might fail, kid. Don't make a lot of money at that, kid. You know, I don't know, kid, you should think about that again, kid, you're so good at math, why don't you — "
然后你说什么？你说，你说， “嗯...那样比较不保险，孩子。有可能会失败，孩子。挣不了大钱，孩子。你知道的，我不知道，孩子，你应该再想想，孩子， 你数学这么好，为什么不－“
And the kid interrupts you, and says, "But it is my dream. It is my dream to do this." And what are you going to say? You know what you're going to say? "Look kid. I had a dream once, too, but -- but." So how are you going to finish the sentence with your "but"? "... But. I had a dream too, once, kid, but I was afraid to pursue it." Or, are you going to tell him this? "I had a dream once, kid. But then you were born." (Laughter)
然后你孩子打断你，说， ”但是那是我的梦想。我梦想就是成为魔术师。“ 然后你要说什么？你知道你要说什么吗？ ”你看，孩子，我过去也有过梦想。但是－但是。“ 所以你想怎么用”但是“结束你的句子？ ”...但是，我过去也有过梦想，孩子，但是我没敢去追随。“ 还是，你想告诉他这个？ ”我过去有梦想，孩子。但是之后你出生了。“（笑声）
Do you, do you really want to use your family, do you really ever want to look at your spouse and your kid and see your jailers? There was something you could have said to your kid when he or she said, "I have a dream." You could have said, looked the kid in the face, and said, "Go for it, kid, just like I did." But you won't be able to say that because you didn't. So you can't. (Laughter)
你真的，真的想利用你的家庭， 你真的想把你的伴侣，和你的孩子当成狱卒吗？你其实可以这么跟你孩子讲。当他／她说”我有个梦想“的时候，你可以说，面对你的孩子，说， ”去追随它吧，孩子，就像我那样。“ 但是你没法那么说，因为你没去追随梦想。所以你不能那么说。（笑声）
And so the sins of the parents are visited on the poor children. Why will you seek refuge in human relationships as your excuse not to find and pursue your passion? You know why. In your heart of hearts, you know why, and I'm being deadly serious. You know why you would get all warm and fuzzy and wrap yourself up in human relationships. It is because you are — You know what you are.
You're afraid to pursue your passion. You're afraid to look ridiculous. You're afraid to try. You're afraid you may fail. Great friend, great spouse, great parent, great career. Is that not a package? Is that not who you are? How can you be one without the other? But you're afraid.
And that's why you're not going to have a great career, unless -- unless, that most evocative of all English words -- unless. But the unless word is also attached to that other, most terrifying phrase, "If only I had ... " "If only I had ... " If you ever have that thought ricocheting in your brain, it will hurt a lot.
这就是为什么你不会成就伟业，除非－ 除非，最引人回忆的－除非。但是除非这个词和另外一个最可怕的短语是连着的， ”如果我当初...“ ”如果我当初...“ 如果你曾经有过这个想法在你脑海里回旋，它会特别伤人。
So, those are the many reasons why you are going to fail to have a great career, unless ...
Thank you. (Applause)
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